Expert report uncovers ‘hidden mental trauma’ of opencast coal mining in rural KwaZulu-Natal | Daily Maverick

‘Those who witnessed the (grave exhumation) process said that it was horrifying. Some saw semi-decomposed bodies removed, while others reported diggers plunging pickaxes into the graves and returning with bones stuck on the picks. One resident said that he saw the skull of his loved one attached to the end of the pickaxe.’ — Dr Garret Barnwell.

Coal mine residents suicidal, suffer long-term trauma, says report | Juta Medical Brief

A recent report has highlighted the psychological impact of coal mining on local communities, with an expert saying years of residents’ exposure to several environmental stressors have contributed to collective trauma.